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The Natural aggregation method (sum of points) adds all the values of the various graded items together. It works best for people who work on a point system to determine final grades.


By default, Natural weighting produces a sum of the grades. The Weights column displays the relative weights of the items as percentages, based on each item’s points. Using natural aggregation also makes it easier to flag grade items as extra credit, if that option is needed.

Step-by-step guide

  1. From the main course page, select Gradebook setup from the gear icon.

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  2. Click the Edit > Edit settingsOnce on the Gradebook setup page, click the Edit > Settings link at the top.
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  3. Toggle the Aggregation type to Natural.
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  4. Click Save changes at the bottom of the screen.



Exclude empty grades

Empty Grades simply indicates that a grade has not been entered in the gradebook. It may be empty because a student has not made a submission or that the teacher has not yet graded the item. Empty grades display as dashes in the Grader Report; they are different than scores of zero. Zeros are calculated, but dashes (empty grades) count towards the overall grade depending on what the teacher in the site has selected.

By clicking Exclude Empty Grades, the teacher is displaying a total that only reflects only the graded items in the course, and the overall grade does not include ungraded items.

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Extra Credit 

To set a grade item or assignment to extra credit follow these steps:


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